Attitudinal Disposition and Management Perception among Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Selected Hospitals in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Funmilola Oyelami
Chidinma Emma Ukoha
Oluwatomi Olunuga
Ademola Adelekan

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is an emerging metabolic disorder of the 21st century and has continued to attract the attention of health practitioners, as it continues to decrease the efficiency of its victims without any promise of change in the near or far future if more is not done to avert the progressing chronic condition.

Aim: To determine the attitudinal disposition and management perception among diabetics Mellitus patients in selected hospitals in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Study Design: The study was a cross sectional survey design guided by a behavioral theory.

Place and Duration of Study: using purposive sampling, the study was carried out among diabetic patient attending University College Hospital, Ring-Road State Hospital and Oluyoro Catholic Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State. 

Materials and Methodology: A systematic random sampling was used to select 600 out of 2,115 diabetes patients receiving treatment at University College Hospital, Ring-Road State Hospital and Oluyoro Catholic Hospital. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection on respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics, attitudinal disposition and management perception. Descriptive statistics was used for data analysis.

Results: Mean age of the respondents was 63.9 ± 8.6 years, 75.3% were married and 62.7% were females. Majority (94.0%) of the respondents had a positive attitude towards compliance with management of DM. Majority (91.5%) were of the attitude that it is not necessary for people living with DM to do regular exercise as exercise will not make them to breakdown and 97.0% were of the attitude that diabetic patients cannot take any amount of alcohol beverages he/she wants. Respondents’ mean perception score was 21.8 ± 4.8 and 69.2% had a positive perception to management of DM. most (69.2%) of the respondents were of the perception that DM is a lifelong disease and can only be controlled but cannot be cured.

Conclusion: Many of the respondents had appropriate perceptions needed to cope with the disease. However, the positive attitude sustenance demonstrated by the respondent should be promoted if compliance with the management of DM must be ensured.

Keywords:
Diabetes mellitus, attitudinal disposition, perception, management of diabetes mellitus.

Article Details

How to Cite
Oyelami, F., Ukoha, C., Olunuga, O., & Adelekan, A. (2019). Attitudinal Disposition and Management Perception among Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Selected Hospitals in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 38(3), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2019/v38i330185
Section
Original Research Article

References

Chukwunonso ECC, Ejike Nnamdi K. Uka, Stella O. Nwachukwu. Diabetes and pre-diabetes in adult Nigerians: Prevalence, and correlations of blood glucose concentrations with measures of obesity. African Journal of Biochemistry Research. 2015;9:55-60.

WHO. Diabetes Fact Sheet; 2017.
Available:http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/

IDF Diabetes Atlas 6th Edition; 2013.

Kolawole BA, Abodunde O, Ikem RT, Fabiyi AK. A test of the reliability and validity of a diabetes specific quality of life scale in a Nigerian hospital. Quality of Life Research. 2009;13:1287–95.

Richard WG, Paul AP, James BM, Daniel ES. Trends in Complexity of Diabetes Care in the United States from 1991 to 2000. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164: 1134–9.

Akinkugbe OO. Non-communicable disease in Nigeria. Final Report of National Survey, Federal Ministry of Health and Social Services, Lagos; 1997.

Coker TO, Fasanmade AO. Quality of care for patients with type 2 diabetes in Lagos University Teaching Hospital. Nig. Qt J Hosp. Med. 2006;16:1:6-9.

Gallagher EJ, Viscoli CM, Horwitz RI. The relationship of treatment adherence to the risk of death after myocardial infarction in women. JAMA. 1993;270:742–4.

Nguma LK. Health seeking and health related behaviour for type 2 diabetes mellitus among adults in an urban community in Tanzania (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). University of Otago; 2010.
Available: http://hdl.handle.net/10523/456

Steyn NP, Senekal M, Brits S, Alberts M, Mashego T, Nel JH. Weight and health status of black female students. South. African Medical Journal. 2000;90(2):146–52. 26.

Von Korff M, Gruman J, Schaefer J, Curry SJ, Wagner EH. Collaborative Management of Chronic Illness. 1997;127 (12):1097-102.

Muela SH, Mushi AK, Ribera JM. The paradox of the cost and affordability of traditional and government health services in Tanzania. Health Policy and Planning. 2000;15:296–302.

American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care for patients with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2002;25(Suppl 1): S33‑49.