International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE &amp; Health (IJTDH) (ISSN: 2278 – 1005)</strong> aims to publish&nbsp;high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/IJTDH/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>)&nbsp;in the areas of tropical medicine and public health research, reports on the efficacy of new drugs and methods of treatment, prevention and control methodologies, new testing methods and equipment. This is a quality controlled, peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal. IJTDH will not only publish traditional full research reports, including short communications, but also this journal will publish reports/articles on all stages of the research process like study protocols, pilot studies and pre-protocols. IJTDH is novelty attracting, open minded, peer-reviewed medical periodical, designed to serve as a perfectly new platform for both mainstream and new ground shaking works as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. This journal has no connection with any society or association, related to Tropical medicine, disease or Public health and allied fields. This is an independent journal run by SDI.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health 2278-1005 Environmental Sanitation Factors and human Behaviour Associated with Intestinal Parasitic Infections in Rural Communities of Cameroon <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Intestinal parasitic infections still constitute major public health threats in many areas in Cameroon. To improve control measures, epidemiological data from environmental and human aspects are necessary to draw concrete control strategies to better follow-up the population at risk.</p> <p><strong>Aim of the Study:</strong> This study aimed to investigate environmental risk factors related to infections in the Lolodorf health district, a high risk area of south Cameroon.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A total of 325 participants who gave their informed consent were recruited for the study. Stool samples were collected and examined microscopically in search of helminth eggs and protozoan cysts using the Kato Katz and concentration Formol-ether techniques. Questionnaires were filled by participants to evaluate the risk factors.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Overall, 117 (42.9%) among the 325 participants harbored at least one parasite species with 75 (27.5%) having single infections and 42 (15.4%) having multiple infections. <em>Ascaris lumbricoides</em> (11.0%), <em>Trichuris trichiura</em> (26.4%), Hookworms (12.5%), <em>Entamoeba coli</em> (10.6%) and <em>Entamoeba histolytica / Entamoeba dispar</em> (1,5%) were diagnosed. Females were more infected (48.7%;<em> p</em>=0.04) compared to males (35.2%). Infection rate varied significantly according to villages (<em>p</em>=0.001). Univariate analysis revealed the following: gender (48.7%; <em>p</em>= 0.04), agricultural activities (47.7%; <em>p</em>= 0.04) and absence of treatment (50.8%: <em>p</em>=0.02) to be risk factors correlated to infection. Other factors such as age (49.3%), family size (47.8%), absence of toilets (53.5%), irregular use of shoes (48.6%), not wearing shoes (60.0%), irregular hand washing before meals (48.4%) and eating raw food (45.5%) had high infestation rates though with no significance. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that people who had never received any treatment had high risks of being infected (p=0.01; OR =0.17; 95% CI = 0.06 to 0.5).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Improved sanitation, water supply and regular and extended deworming in the entire communities are fundamental issues in controlling intestinal parasitic infections.</p> Natchema S. F. Brice Atembeh Noura E. Nkengazong Lucia Ebogo Belobo Jean Thierry Ngo Ngué Thérése Nadyne Ngue Monique Motsebo Amede Moyou-Somo Roger ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 1 12 10.9734/ijtdh/2019/v40i430232