International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE &amp; Health (IJTDH) (ISSN: 2278 – 1005)</strong> aims to publish&nbsp;high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/IJTDH/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>)&nbsp;in the areas of tropical medicine and public health research, reports on the efficacy of new drugs and methods of treatment, prevention and control methodologies, new testing methods and equipment. This is a quality controlled, peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal. IJTDH will not only publish traditional full research reports, including short communications, but also this journal will publish reports/articles on all stages of the research process like study protocols, pilot studies and pre-protocols. IJTDH is novelty attracting, open minded, peer-reviewed medical periodical, designed to serve as a perfectly new platform for both mainstream and new ground shaking works as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. This journal has no connection with any society or association, related to Tropical medicine, disease or Public health and allied fields. This is an independent journal run by SDI.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health 2278-1005 Attitudinal Disposition and Management Perception among Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Selected Hospitals in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria <p><strong>Background:</strong> Diabetes mellitus is an emerging metabolic disorder of the 21<sup>st</sup> century and has continued to attract the attention of health practitioners, as it continues to decrease the efficiency of its victims without any promise of change in the near or far future if more is not done to avert the progressing chronic condition.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To determine the attitudinal disposition and management perception among diabetics Mellitus patients in selected hospitals in Ibadan, Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> The study was a cross sectional survey design guided by a behavioral theory.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> using purposive sampling, the study was carried out among diabetic patient attending University College Hospital, Ring-Road State Hospital and Oluyoro Catholic Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methodology:</strong> A systematic random sampling was used to select 600 out of 2,115 diabetes patients receiving treatment at University College Hospital, Ring-Road State Hospital and Oluyoro Catholic Hospital. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection on respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics, attitudinal disposition and management perception. Descriptive statistics was used for data analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Mean age of the respondents was 63.9 ± 8.6 years, 75.3% were married and 62.7% were females. Majority (94.0%) of the respondents had a positive attitude towards compliance with management of DM. Majority (91.5%) were of the attitude that it is not necessary for people living with DM to do regular exercise as exercise will not make them to breakdown and 97.0% were of the attitude that diabetic patients cannot take any amount of alcohol beverages he/she wants. Respondents’ mean perception score was 21.8 ± 4.8 and 69.2% had a positive perception to management of DM. most (69.2%) of the respondents were of the perception that DM is a lifelong disease and can only be controlled but cannot be cured.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Many of the respondents had appropriate perceptions needed to cope with the disease. However, the positive attitude sustenance demonstrated by the respondent should be promoted if compliance with the management of DM must be ensured.</p> Funmilola Oyelami Chidinma Emma Ukoha Oluwatomi Olunuga Ademola Adelekan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-03 2019-09-03 1 10 10.9734/ijtdh/2019/v38i330185 Relationship of the Self-perception of Lifestyle with Level of Physical Activity in People with and without Type 2 Diabetes <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the relationship of the perception of lifestyle with the level of physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes and without type 2 diabetes.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Analytical cross-sectional observational study in Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Sample composed of 100 people with type 2 diabetes and 100 people without type 2 diabetes, the lifestyle questionnaire and IPAQ questionnaire were used. Descriptive statistics were calculated for sociodemographic variables; it was calculated Chi-square test and Odds Ratio.&nbsp; To demonstrate the statistical significance of results, the value of <em>P</em> was set at .05. Statistical analysis was performed in STATA 13.0 ®.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> In patients with Type 2 Diabetes predominated females, married, who never went school and elementary and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m<sup>2</sup>; among patients without Type 2 Diabetes, predominant males, singles, went school or university, BMI ≥25 kg/m<sup>2</sup>; no relationship was found between lifestyle perception and level of physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes (X² = 0.0022 gl 1 <em>P</em> = .96) neither it was found a significant relationship between lifestyle perception and level of physical activity in adults without type 2 diabetes (X² = 5.23 gl 1 <em>P</em> = .02 RM = 2.85 95% CI = 0.80 to 10.4).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The results show that self-perception of lifestyle and physical activity is different in people with less age, more schooling, males.</p> Briseida Mayel Perez-Avelino Nicolás Padilla-Raygoza Verónica Benitez-Guerrero María Luisa Sánchez Padilla Vicente Beltrán-Campos María de Lourdes García-Campos ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-14 2019-09-14 1 7 10.9734/ijtdh/2019/v38i330186 Presence of Bluetongue Virus Antibodies in Cattle and Sheep in Ogun and Osun States, Nigeria <p>Bluetongue is an infectious, arthropod-borne viral disease principally affecting ruminants. The occurrence of bluetongue virus (BTV) antibodies in sheep and cattle from backyard farms, cattle markets and abattoirs in Ogun and Osun states of Nigeria was investigated. Three hundred and forty (340) plasma samples comprising 205 from sheep and 135 from cattle were collected from March to September 2017, noting the sex, breed and age of the animals. The samples were screened with a commercial enzyme-linked immunosurbent assay (ELISA) kit that detects BTV antibodies in ruminant plasma or serum. All cattle tested from both states were positive for BTV antibodies giving a seroprevalence of 100% while 95% seroprevalence was obtained for sheep. In Ogun state, prevalence of 90.5% and 98% were obtained for male and female sheep respectively while 95.6% and 95% prevalence were also obtained for male and female sheep respectively in Osun state. Based on breed, 94%, 95%, 95% and 96% prevalence were obtained for Yankasa, Balami, Ouda and West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep respectively in Ogun state while 93%, 95.5%, 100% and 93% prevalence were obtained for Yankasa, Balami, Ouda and WAD sheep respectively in Osun state. Furthermore, prevalence of 92% and 96.7% were obtained for age groups of ≤ 1 year and &gt; 1 year respectively in Ogun state, while prevalence of 96% and 94.7% were obtained for age groups of ≤ 1 year and &gt; 1 year respectively in Osun state. Since vaccination against bluetongue disease is not practiced in Nigeria, the detection of high prevalence of BTV antibodies observed in apparently healthy animals in this study indicates natural, albeit subclinical, infection with the virus and sustained activity of the <em>Culicoides</em> vector. These findings suggest that bluetongue is widespread in southwestern part of Nigeria and highlight the need for continuous surveillance of the disease in the country as well as isolation, identification and characterisation of currently circulating BTV strains in Nigeria.</p> Oluwayelu Donald Oladimeji Anosike Ignatius Kelechi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-16 2019-09-16 1 10 10.9734/ijtdh/2019/v38i330187