The Prevalence of Malaria Parasites and the Dynamics of Malaria Vectors in Adenta-Barrier in Ghana

Genevive Afia Amoakoa Agyapong *

Department of Physician Assistantship, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Radford University College, Ghana.

Cindy Naadei Nikoi

Department of Physician Assistantship, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Radford University College, Ghana.

Fahad Bin Waqas

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Radford University College, Ghana.

Servacious A. Akanlu

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Dr. Hilla Limann Technical University, Wa, Ghana.

Shittu D. Bunkunmi

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Dr. Hilla Limann Technical University, Wa, Ghana. d Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Ghana, Ghana.

Abdul Rahim Mohammed

Department of Animal Biology and Conservation Science, University of Ghana, Ghana.

Emmanuel Udochukwu Osisiogu

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Dr. Hilla Limann Technical University, Wa, Ghana.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Malaria burden is generally lower in urban settings. Urban malaria is likely to surge due to rapid and unplanned urbanization. Hence, this study sought to determine the prevalence of malaria parasite and malaria vectors in Adenta-barrier, a suburb of Adentan Municipality.

Methods: The study followed a cross sectional study design pattern. Mosquitoes were collected from 40 houses in the study site using the pyrethrum spray catches (PSC) method, and malaria parasite screening was carried out on 90 participants. A well-structured form was used to record data on the use of insecticide-treated nets, insecticide spray, and mosquito coil in the community. The mosquitoes collected were morphologically identified.

Results: The malaria parasite prevalence at the study site was 1.1%, and the use of insecticide-treated nets, insecticide spray, and mosquito coil were 13.4%, 7.5%, and 11.9% respectively. As far as vector abundance were concerned, habitat, resting and feeding behavior were taken into consideration. The majority of the mosquitoes collected during the study were Culex 95.7% (22), and the rest was Aedes 4.3% (1). Both Culex and Aedes mosquitoes were found in resting states. Study participants reported majority (80%) of the bites they sustained to have occurred during the early hours of the day. The study area also possessed several easily identifiable breeding sites for mosquitoes.

Conclusion: The prevalence of malaria in the study area was low and no Anopheles mosquitoes was found. The majority of mosquito species present in the locality was Culex with a few Aedes.

Keywords: Malaria, Anopheles mosquitoes, Pyrethrum Spray Catches (PSC), Culex mosquitoes, Aedes mosquitoes, Adenta-barrier


How to Cite

Agyapong, G. A. A., Nikoi, C. N., Waqas, F. B., Akanlu, S. A., Bunkunmi, S. D., Mohammed, A. R., & Osisiogu, E. U. (2022). The Prevalence of Malaria Parasites and the Dynamics of Malaria Vectors in Adenta-Barrier in Ghana. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 43(20), 13–18. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2022/v43i201353

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