The Prevalence of Malaria Parasites and the Dynamics of Malaria Vectors in Adenta-Barrier in Ghana
International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, Volume 43, Issue 20,
Background: Malaria burden is generally lower in urban settings. Urban malaria is likely to surge due to rapid and unplanned urbanization. Hence, this study sought to determine the prevalence of malaria parasite and malaria vectors in Adenta-barrier, a suburb of Adentan Municipality.
Methods: The study followed a cross sectional study design pattern. Mosquitoes were collected from 40 houses in the study site using the pyrethrum spray catches (PSC) method, and malaria parasite screening was carried out on 90 participants. A well-structured form was used to record data on the use of insecticide-treated nets, insecticide spray, and mosquito coil in the community. The mosquitoes collected were morphologically identified.
Results: The malaria parasite prevalence at the study site was 1.1%, and the use of insecticide-treated nets, insecticide spray, and mosquito coil were 13.4%, 7.5%, and 11.9% respectively. As far as vector abundance were concerned, habitat, resting and feeding behavior were taken into consideration. The majority of the mosquitoes collected during the study were Culex 95.7% (22), and the rest was Aedes 4.3% (1). Both Culex and Aedes mosquitoes were found in resting states. Study participants reported majority (80%) of the bites they sustained to have occurred during the early hours of the day. The study area also possessed several easily identifiable breeding sites for mosquitoes.
Conclusion: The prevalence of malaria in the study area was low and no Anopheles mosquitoes was found. The majority of mosquito species present in the locality was Culex with a few Aedes.
- Anopheles mosquitoes
- Pyrethrum Spray Catches (PSC)
- Culex mosquitoes
- Aedes mosquitoes
How to Cite
Alvaro Molina-Cruz, Tovi Lehmann, and Julia Knockel. Could culicine mosquitoes transmit human malaria? Trends in Parasitology. 2013;29(11):530-537.
Baffour-Awuah, Sandra, Augustina A. Annan, Oumou Maiga-Ascofare, Soma Diloma Dieudonné, Priscilla Adjei-Kusi, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, and Kwasi Obiri-Danso. Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors in kumasi, Ghana. Parasites and Vectors. 2016;9(1):1–8.
Crutcher JM, Hoffman SL. Malaria. In: Baron S, Editor. Medical Microbiology. 4th Edition. Galveston (TX): University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston; 1996; 83.
Dadzie, Samuel K, Ruth Brenyah, Maxwell A. Appawu. Role of species composition in malaria transmission by the anopheles funestus group (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ghana. Journal of Vector Ecology. 2013; 38(1):105–10.
Dogara M, Nock H, Agbede R, Adams S, Joseph K. Transmission of lymphatic filariasis in three endemic villages of Kano State, Nigeria Mosquitoes. 2012;7 (2):1–6.
Ghana statistical service. 2010 Population and Housing Census: District Analytical Report; 2014.
Gillies MT DMB. The anophelinae of Africa South of the Sahara (Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region). S Afr Inst Med Res Repr. 1968;1:55.
Hinne IA, Attah SK, Mensah BA et al. Larval habitat diversity and Anopheles mosquito species distribution in different ecological zones in Ghana. Parasites Vectors. 2021;14:193.
Jamison DT, Feachem RG, Makgoba MW et al. Editors. Disease and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. 2nd Edition. Washington (DC): The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. 2006;14.
Klinkenberg, Eveline PJ. Mc Call, Michael D. Wilson, Felix P. Amerasinghe, Martin J. Donnelly. Impact of urban agriculture on malaria vectors in accra, Ghana. Malaria Journal. 2008;7:1–9.
Kudom, Andreas A, Ben A. Mensah, Guenter Froeschl, Daniel Boakye, Heinz Rinder. Preliminary assessment of the potential role of urbanization in the distribution of carbamate and organophosphate resistant populations of Culex spzecies in Ghana. 2015;1–10.
Pwalia, Rebecca, Joannitta Joannides, Alidu Iddrisu, Charlotte Addae, Dominic Acquah-Baidoo, Dorothy Obuobi, Godwin Amlalo, Samuel Akporh, Sampson Gbagba, Samuel K. Dadzie, Duncan K. Athinya, Melinda P. Hadi, Helen Pates Jamet, Joseph Chabi. High insecticide resistance intensity of Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) and low efficacy of pyrethroid LLINs in accra, Ghana. Parasites and Vectors. 2019;12(1):1–9.
Rima Shretta, Sheetal P. Silal, Keziah Malm, Wahjib Mohammed, Joel Narh, Danielle Piccinini, Kathryn Bertram, Jessica Rockwood and Matt Lynch. Estimating the risk of declining funding for malaria in Ghana: The case for continued investment in the malaria response. Malar J. 2020;19:196.
Sinka ME, Bangs MJ, Manguin S et al. The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: Occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites Vectors. 2010;3:117.
USAID. President’s malaria initiative ghana malaria operational plan FY 2016. President’s Malaria Initiative. 2017;1–72.
Vézilier J, Nicot A, Gandon S et al. Insecticide resistance and malaria transmission: Infection rate and oocyst burden in Culex pipiens mosquitoes infected with Plasmodium relictum. Malar J. 2010;9:379.
World Health Organization. World Malaria Report ; 2018.
World Health Organization. World Malaria Report ; 2019.
World Health Organization. World Malaria Report ; 2020.
Abstract View: 498 times
PDF Download: 127 times