Intestinal Parasites in School-Aged Children of Rumuodogo, Emohua Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria

H. O. Chukwu *

Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

O. Owhoeli

Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

C. C. Amuzie

Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aim: This epidemiological survey was carried out to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasites in School aged Children.

Place and Duration of study:  The study was carried out in Rumuodogo Community in Emohua Local Government area of Rivers State, Nigeria between the months of March to June 2019.

Methodology: Microscopic examination of stool samples from 200 school-aged pupils between the ages 3-18 years was carried out using formol-ether concentration and direct wet mount, and stained iodine. Demographic as well as epidemiological data were obtained using a questionnaire.

Results:  The finding reveals an overall prevalence of 49.5%. However, there was a significant difference in the parasite prevalence values between the age groups (P = 0.01). The common intestinal parasites identified were Ascaris lumbricoides 19.5%, Ancylostoma duodenale 9.5%, Trichuris spp. 6%, Strongyloides spp. 4.5%, Enterobius spp. 1%, Taenia solium, 1.5%, Taenia saginata 1%, Entamoeba histolytica 4.5%, Giardia lamblia 4% and Schistosoma mansoni 2%.  The prevalence of intestinal parasites infections with respect to the available and use of toilet facility revealed that Pit toilet users had the highest prevalence of 62 (56.9%) while no infection was recorded among users of water closet toilet. When age groups were compared, the result showed that age group 3-6 years were significantly more infected than the other age groups (P = 0.01). There was no significant difference between other age groups. The findings however, showed that age groups 6-10 years had the highest prevalence of 55.6%. Maximum of seven children had multiple infections. The male female ration was 62:37 while the percentage for males was 43.2% and 50% for females.

Conclusion: Intestinal parasitic infections are associated with reduced development of children manifested by a reduced physical fitness which may result from vitamin deficiencies, inducing intestinal bleeding, and protein energy malnutrition. Therefore, the high prevalence of intestinal parasites recorded in this study calls for an intensified effort in the control of the infections. Regular deworming of children and environmental sanitation should be carried out to further reduce the prevalence.

Keywords: Parasites, children, school, rumuodogo


How to Cite

Chukwu , H. O., Owhoeli , O., & Amuzie , C. C. (2023). Intestinal Parasites in School-Aged Children of Rumuodogo, Emohua Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 44(4), 7–12. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2023/v44i41400

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ovutor O, Imafidor H, Awi-waadu GDB. Assessment of Physico-chemical parameters of soils in fallowing farmlands on the abundance of human infecting geohelminthes in Mgbuitanwo Emohua, Rivers state. Journal of Advances in Biology and Biotechnology. 2017;15(3): 1-8.

Udonsi JK, Benke JM, Gilbert FS. Analysis of the prevalence of infection and association between human gastrointestinal nematodes among different age classes living in urban and suburban communities of Port Harcourt. J. Helminthol. 1996;70:75- 84.

World Health Organization. Soil transmitted fact sheets. 2010 report, WHO press, Geneva. 2013;107:16-171

Eze CN, Owhoeli O, Ganale SS. Assessment of intestinal helminthes in community school children of Khana Local Government Area, Rivers State. Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology. 2016;37 (1).

Abah AE, Temple B. Prevalence of Malaria Parasite among Asymptomatic Primary School Children in Angiama Community, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Trop Med Surg. 2015;4(1):203

Odu NN, Okonko IO, Ethi O. Study of neglected tropical diseases (NTD)Gastrointestinal helminthes among school children in Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria. Report and Opinion 2011;3(9): 6-16 .

Alum A, Rubino J R,and Ijaz MK. The global war against intestinal parasites should be use in a holistic approach? Int. J infected disease. 2010; 14:732-730.

Mulu A, Maier M, Liebert UG. Deworming of intestinal helminthes reduces HIV- 1subtype C viremia in chronically coinfected individuals. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2013; 10(6):02-016.

Olaniyi J E, Muktar HA, Pauline EJ. A review of intestinal helminthiasis in Nigeria and the need for school-based intervention. Journal of Rural and Tropical Public Health. 2007;6:33-39.

Mafiana CF. Intestinal Helminthiasis (Ascaris) among school children in illewo-Orile, Ogun State, Nigeria. The Nigeria Journal of Parasitology. 1995;16:47-53.

Cheesbrough M. District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries. Part 1 (2ed) Cambridge University Press. 2005;194-202.

Thrushfield DM. Veterinary Epidemiology. Blackwell Science; 1995.

Agi PI. Comparative Helminth infection of man in two Rural Communities of Niger delta, Nigeria WAJM. 1997;16 (4):232-236.

Jonathan W, Abdullah AA, Kumar S. Prevalence and Association of Parasitic Helminths among the Cross Section of Male and Female Gender Groups at University of Guyana, Georgetown, Guyana. Research Journal of Parasitology. 2015;10: 50-57.

Michael EI, Abah A, Marcus P. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection among school children in Port Harcourt City Local Government Area, Nigeria. J Bacteriol Parasitol. 2017;8:323

Abah AE, Arene FOA. Status of intestinal parasitic infections among primary school children in Rivers State, Nigeria. Journal of Parasitology Research. 2015;2015:Article ID 937096.

Ephrem T, Tariku B, Seleshi KM, Ahmed Z, Tefera B. Prevalence and intensity of soil transmitted helminthes among school children of mendera Elementary school, southwest Ethiopia. Pan African Medical Journal. 2017;27:88.

Mordi RM, Paul OAN. A study of blood and gastro-intestinal parasites Edo State. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2007;6 (19):2201-2207.

Akaniwo G. The prevalence of intestinal parasites among school-aged children in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area Rivers State, Nigeria. Unpublished B.Sc. Zoology Project; 1999.

Mercado R, Otto JP, Musleh M, Perez M. Human infection by intestinal protozoa and helminth in Calbuco Country; X Region, Chile. Bio-cli-parasitol. 1997;52(1-2): 36-38.