Burkholderia pseudomallei Isolate from Soil Adhering to Underground Pipeline Repair pit of a Delhi Market Highlights Importance of Improvising Policies Addressing Environmental Pathogens

Sriram Kannan

ECD, Indian Council of Medical Research, India.

Venkat Abhiram Earny

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Soumi Chowdhury

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Kavita Sisodia

Department of Microbiology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Delhi, India.

Shweta Kunwar

Department of Microbiology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Delhi, India.

Mohammed Ashiq

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Asha

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Aswathy Raghunath

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Rakshitha

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Manish

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Anusha

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Khazi Shabnaz

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Rohit Kumar

Department of Microbiology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Delhi, India.

Dabet Rynga

Department of Microbiology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Delhi, India.

Rushika Saksena

Department of Microbiology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Delhi, India.

Vandana K. E.

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay *

Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Harpreet Kaur *

ECD, Indian Council of Medical Research, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram –negative bacteria that can cause the fatal disease of Melioidosis with mortality ranging from 21-40% in different countries. Further, Burkholderia pseudomallei is a highly resilient environmental pathogen and can live as a free-living bacterium in soil, water and a parasite within amoeba, fungi, and animal cells.  It is known to have developed adaptation to stressful environmental factors like salinity, iron levels, and oxidation.  Widely this pathogen is associated with agricultural activities, construction activities and hence farmers, laborers being the important target groups. The other risk factor for this disease includes Diabetes mellitus and India having increasing incidence of diabetes cases is a matter of concern as for the prevalence of melioidosis. Since certain states and places in India have higher incidence of diabetes like Delhi, it is quite possible to have higher incidence of Melioidosis in these places.

Approach: Environmental Screening of urban village that has a convergence of vegetable market and urban households. 

Results: In this report, we demonstrate the presence of Burkholderia pseudomallei in a 3-4 feet deep pipeline repair pit with a rusted iron pipeline in a busy market area in Kotla, South Delhi.

Conclusion: Burkholderia pseudomallei being an environmental pathogen, it becomes essential to focus on policies that govern environmental pollution. Thus, the construction and demolition (C&D) policies that govern the dismantling of underground repair pipelines, especially in crowded areas, needed to be followed as it is not only dust that pollutes but also human pathogens.

Keywords: B. pseudomallei isolate, melioidosis disease, soil adhering


How to Cite

Kannan , Sriram, Venkat Abhiram Earny, Soumi Chowdhury, Kavita Sisodia, Shweta Kunwar, Mohammed Ashiq, Asha, Aswathy Raghunath, Rakshitha, Manish, Anusha, Khazi Shabnaz, Rohit Kumar, Dabet Rynga, Rushika Saksena, Vandana K. E., Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, and Harpreet Kaur. 2023. “Burkholderia Pseudomallei Isolate from Soil Adhering to Underground Pipeline Repair Pit of a Delhi Market Highlights Importance of Improvising Policies Addressing Environmental Pathogens”. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health 44 (21):1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/23/v44i211489.

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