Analyzing the Flint Water Crisis: Insights and Suggestions for Future Resilience

Onyeka Chukwudalu Ekwebene *

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University, Johnson city, Tennessee, USA.

Ijeoma Chukwu Amaechi

Department of Nursing, College of Nursing East Tennessee State University, Johnson city Tennessee USA.

Ipinoluwa Akintola

Department of Media and Communications, College of Arts and Sciences, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee, USA.

Ezera Emetu

Department of Social Work, College of Rehabilitative Sciences, East Tennessee State University, Johnson city, Tennessee, USA.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The “Type of Article” of this paper is “Letter to the Editor”. This paper discuses about: “Analyzing the Flint Water Crisis: Insights and Suggestions for Future Resilience”. No formal abstract is available. Readers are requested to read the full article.

Keywords: Flint water analyzing, water crisis, environmental effect


How to Cite

Ekwebene, O. C., Amaechi, I. C., Akintola, I., & Emetu, E. (2024). Analyzing the Flint Water Crisis: Insights and Suggestions for Future Resilience. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 45(6), 83–86. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2024/v45i61541

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Jacobson PD, Boufides CH, Bernstein J, Chrysler D, Citrin T, Lubrano J. Learning From the Flint Water Crisis: Protecting the Public’s Health During a Financial Emergency. University of Michigan School of Public Health. 2018;84.

Johnson JE, Key K, Bailey S, Jefferson B, Hill De Loney E, Lewis Y, Muhammad J, Blake K, McClinton C, Dotson K, Johnson PB, Woolford S, Scott J, Stein M. Credit where credit is due: Race and recognition in responses to the drinking water crisis in flint. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action. 2018;12(2):215–221.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1353/cpr.2018.0041

CUBIT. Michigan Demographics; 2020. Available:https://www.michigandemographics.com/flint-city-genesee-countydemogra phics Accessed on: October 8, 2022.

Braveman PA, Arkin E, Proctor D, Kauh T, Holm N. Systemic And Structural Racism: Health Affairs. 2022;41(2):171-178. Available:https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/epdf/10.1377/hlthaff.2021.01394

Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention. Lead-Safe Virginia Program Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program; 2015.

United States Cesus.Gov.U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Flint city, Michigan; United States; 2022.

Ekwebene OC, Umeanowai NV, Edeh GC, Noah GU, Folasole A, Olagunju OJ, et al. The burden of diabetes in America: a data-driven analysis using power BI. Int J Res Med Sci. 2024;12:392-6.

Ekwebene OC, Ekwebene SG. California's community-based tobacco control initiatives: A collaborative approach. Int J Res Med Sci. 2024;12:648-50.

Ekwebene OC, Ogbuagu CN, Modebe IA et.al. Assessment of dietary pattern, health implication and the nutritional status of clinical medical students of a tertiary institution in southeast Nigeria. Int J Health Sci Res. 2020;10(9):346-359.

Awugosi, Michael Chukwuebuka; Obi-Nwosu, Amaka Lovelyn; Edeh, Gabriel Chidera; Ekwebene, Onyeka Chukwudalu; Abalihe, Uchenna Onyedika; Anigwe, Francis Chibuike; Chiekezie, Chinonuju Franklin. Knowledge, attitude, and practices about hypertension amongst adult residents in South-Eastern Nigeria. Current Medicine Research and Practice. 2023;13(6):258-269.DOI:10.4103/cmrp.cmrp_125_23

Michigan Civil Rights Commission. The Flint water crisis: systemic racism through the lens of Flint. Report of the Michigan Civil Rights Commission; 2017.

Available:https://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdcr/VFlintCrisisRep-F-Edited3-13 17_554317_7.pdf. Accessed April 17, 2020.

McFarland M This is our Chernobyl: Frontline’s Flint’s Deadly Water exposes shocking Legionnaires’ crisis; 2019. Available:https://www.salon.com/2019/09/ 0/this-is-our-chernobylfrontlines-flintsd eadly-water-exposes-shocking legionnaires-crisis/ Accessed April 5, 2024.

Campbell C, Greenberg R, Mankikar D, Ross RD. A case study of environmental Justice: The failure in Flint. Int J Env Res Pub He. 2019; 13:951.