Evaluation of Waste Disposal Practices in Primary Healthcare Facilities in Rural Communities of Nigeria

Ogedegbe S. Idemudia *

Department of Public Health University of Chester, Cheshire, United Kingdom.

Isabu O. Danibelle

Department of Public Heath Asaba Specialist Hospital, Asaba Nigeria.

Chiegboka S. Frances

Victoria Hospital Ekwulobia Anambra, Nigeria.

Idialu. O. Perpetual

Department of Public Health, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua Edo State. Nigeria.

Uhomoibhi O. David

Department of Cancer Biology, George Town University DC USA.

Chukwuneke M. Osita

Department Surgery Plateau State Specialist Hospital, Nigeria.

Chinedu M. Ekene

Department of Internal Medicine, Primex Hospital, Ikotun, Lagos State. Nigeria.

Yakubu F. Damilola

Ama School of Medicine: Makati, Manila, Phillipines.

Odion E. Hendrix

Department of Internal Medicine, Edo Specialist Hospital, Benin City. Nigeria.

Uangbaoje A. Cyril

Department of Internal Medicine, Central Hospital, Benin City. Nigeria.

Eguare O. Grace

Department of Medicine, Gregory University; College of Basic Medical Sciences Abia State, Nigeria.

Ehizuelen G. Ehis

Genetic Counseling, Sickle Cell Foundation Nigeria. Lagos Nigeria.

Akhaine J. Precious

Department of Internal Medicine, Central Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Background: Medical waste, also referred to as healthcare waste, has been defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “all the waste generated within healthcare facilities, research centers, and laboratories related to medical procedures; including the same types of waste generated from other scattered sources and homes”.

Objectives: The main aim of this project was to assess waste disposal practices in Primary health facility in Esan Central Local Goverrnment Area in Edo State.

Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study carried out among 65 staff members among primary health care facilities in Esan Central Local Government in Irrua, Edo state. The study involved using a simple random sampling technique. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS version 21.0 software for descriptive statistics. The Chi square test was used to test for association and the level of significance was set as p < 0.05.

Results: The study showed that majority of the participants (87%) had a good knowledge on health care waste management. Incineration (70.5%) is identified as the main method of disposal of waste along with sanitary landfill. As regards knowledge of the risk of poor disposal method, it was seen that the majority of the participants had good knowledge (85%) on the risk and negative impact this will have on people and the community at large.

Conclusion: In this study, there was good knowledge on waste management and the participants understood the risk involved when there is poor management of waste.

Keywords: Waste, health, hazard

How to Cite

S. Idemudia, Ogedegbe, Isabu O. Danibelle, Chiegboka S. Frances, Idialu. O. Perpetual, Uhomoibhi O. David, Chukwuneke M. Osita, Chinedu M. Ekene, Yakubu F. Damilola, Odion E. Hendrix, Uangbaoje A. Cyril, Eguare O. Grace, Ehizuelen G. Ehis, and Akhaine J. Precious. 2024. “Evaluation of Waste Disposal Practices in Primary Healthcare Facilities in Rural Communities of Nigeria”. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health 45 (7):42-54. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2024/v45i71559.


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