The Epidemiology of Dengue Fever with Special Reference to Malaysia- Emphasizing Prevention and Control

Main Article Content

A. M. Meer Ahmad
C. A. Koay

Abstract

Introduction: Dengue is the most prevalent viral mosquito-borne disease, with over 2.5 billion humans at risk given its endemicity in not less than 100 countries.

Globally, 50-100 million cases of dengue is seen annually, with approximately 0.7% resulting in Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), and 22,000 deaths.

In 2017, there were 83,849 reported cases of dengue fever in endemic under-reported Malaysia, with 177 deaths.

Method: The Authors here narrate from their own personal-experiences, besides reviewing existing-literature.

Results and Conclusion: Prevention and Control methods have been desiring of greater achievements, but also show greater promise with Newer Insecticides, Innovative Methods and Vaccines. Dengue Fever would very likely become near-eradicated just like all other vaccine-preventable diseases, once comprehensive mass-vaccination programs are available globally, using safe and very-effective tetravalent-vaccines soon to be available.

Keywords:
Dengue fever, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), epidemiology, prevention and control, insect repellents, mosquito nets, dengue vaccines, insecticides, insecticides (primary water-source larviciding), insecticide (aerial-spraying).

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmad, A. M. M., & Koay, C. A. (2019). The Epidemiology of Dengue Fever with Special Reference to Malaysia- Emphasizing Prevention and Control. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 34(3), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2018/v34i330098
Section
Review Article