Main Article Content
Objective: To determine the relationship of the perception of lifestyle with the level of physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes and without type 2 diabetes.
Study Design: Analytical cross-sectional observational study in Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico.
Methodology: Sample composed of 100 people with type 2 diabetes and 100 people without type 2 diabetes, the lifestyle questionnaire and IPAQ questionnaire were used. Descriptive statistics were calculated for sociodemographic variables; it was calculated Chi-square test and Odds Ratio. To demonstrate the statistical significance of results, the value of P was set at .05. Statistical analysis was performed in STATA 13.0 ®.
Results: In patients with Type 2 Diabetes predominated females, married, who never went school and elementary and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2; among patients without Type 2 Diabetes, predominant males, singles, went school or university, BMI ≥25 kg/m2; no relationship was found between lifestyle perception and level of physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes (X² = 0.0022 gl 1 P = .96) neither it was found a significant relationship between lifestyle perception and level of physical activity in adults without type 2 diabetes (X² = 5.23 gl 1 P = .02 RM = 2.85 95% CI = 0.80 to 10.4).
Conclusion: The results show that self-perception of lifestyle and physical activity is different in people with less age, more schooling, males.
Mexican Diabetes Federation. The numbers of diabetes in Mexico; 2008.
Instituto Nacional de Geografía, Estadística, Informática. Causes of death. Total General Deaths by Main Causes of Mortality; 2008.
Instituto Nacional de Geografía, Estadística, Informática. Number of diabetes cases per 100 thousand inhabitants; 2017.
World Health Organization. Quality of Life; 2005.
Ministry of Health. Modification to the Official Mexican Standard NOM-015-SSA2-1994, for the prevention, treatment, control of diabetes mellitus in primary care to become the Official Mexican Standard NOM-015-SSA2-1994, for prevention, treatment and control of diabetes.
World Health Organization. Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health; 2005.
Guerrero Montoya LR, León Salazar AR. Lifestyle and health. Educere. 2010;14 (48):13-19.
Muñoz Diaz JC. Habits and lifestyles in relation to physical activity in primary education. Revista Digital. 2004; 10(79): 1/1.
Baños Benitez A, Gallart-Magaña G. Application of style questionnaires healthy lives for students and teachers of the Latin American school of Medicine. Memories of the First Congress of Health, Quality of Life and Environment. 2005;SCV004.
Ruiz JR, Ortega FB. Physical activity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents. Curr Cardiov Risk Rep. 2009;3(1):281-7.
Booth ML. Assessment of physical activity: An international perspective. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 2000;71 (2):114-20.
Cantú Martínez PC. Lifestyle in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Enfermería Actual en Costa Rica. 2014; (27):1-14.
Vernaza-Pinzón P, Villaquiran-Hurtado A, Paz-Peña CI, Ledezma BM. Risk and level of physical activity in adults, in a program of healthy lifestyles in Popayán. Revista de Salud Pública. 2017;19(5):624-30.
Shukla A, Baghel AS, Vyas M. Diet and lifestyle-related factors associated with Apathyanimittaja Prameha (Type 2 diabetes): A cross-sectional survey study. Ayu. 2018;39(4):199–207.
Yuing T, Lizana PA, Berral FJ. Hemoglobina glicada y ejercicio: Una revisión sistemática. Rev Med Chile. 2019; 147(4):480-9.