Indigenous Knowledge and Practices on Medicinal Plants Used by Local Communities of Gambella Region, South West Ethiopia

Main Article Content

Jemberu Alemu Megenase
Ketema Tilahun Gelaye
Prem Kumar Dara

Abstract

Indigenous knowledge and practices on medicinal plants used by local communities of Gambella region, south west Ethiopia was conducted to investigate those potential and popular medicinal plants used for the treatment of various diseases in Gambella region. A total of 100 purposively selected inhabitants were employed in the study of which 84 were male and 16 were females. A traditional use of plants information was obtained by semi structured oral interviews from experienced rural elders, Focus group discussion and through questionnaire administered to traditional herbal medicine practitioners of the study area. 81 medicinal plants were identified for the traditional treatment of both human (25) and animal (16) disease. The highest numbers of medicinal plants for traditional uses utilized by this community were belonging to shrubs 30(37.03%) followed by trees (32.10%). The result reviled that 15.2% of the remedies are prepared from root part and squeezing accounts 17(20.99%) followed by chewing 14(17.28%). The major routs of administration of traditional medicines were reported oral 50(61.73%). Urine, placental retention and milk let down accounts higher informants’ consensus factor value (0.96). The findings showed that sheferaw and leele have higher fidelity level which is 100 and 92 respectively. Various factors were recorded as the main threats of medicinal plants in the study area. In conclusion, the community carries a vast knowledge of medicinal plants but this knowledge is also rapidly disappearing in this community. Such type of ethno-botanical studies will help in systematic documentation of ethno-botanical knowledge and availing to the scientific world plant therapies used as antivenin by the Gambella community and further research on plant species identification and chemical extraction is recommended.

Keywords:
Ethno-botanical study, diseases, indigenous knowledge, medicinal plants.

Article Details

How to Cite
Megenase, J. A., Tilahun Gelaye, K., & Kumar Dara, P. (2019). Indigenous Knowledge and Practices on Medicinal Plants Used by Local Communities of Gambella Region, South West Ethiopia. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 39(2), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2019/v39i230203
Section
Original Research Article

References

Alebie G, Urga Band Worku A. Systematic review on traditional medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria in Ethiopia: Trends and perspectives. Malar J. 2017;16:307.

Kibebew F. The status and availability of oral and written knowledge on traditional health care on traditional health care in Ethiopia. In Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia. Proceedings of the National Workshop, 28 April–01 May 1998. Edited by M. Zewdu & A. Demissie. Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2001;107– 119.

Mesifn T. Some endemic plants of Ethiopia. Ethiopia Tourism Commission, Addis Ababa; 1991.

Ahmad C, Martin S, Kenneth M, Hina A. Ethno-botanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plant use by traditional healers in Oshikoto region, Namibia. Journal of Ethno-biology and Ethno-medicine. 2011;7:10.

Balcha A. Medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by Oromo people, Ghimbi District, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ethno-biology and Ethno-medicine. 2014;10:40.

Gonfa K, Tesfaye A, Ambachew D. Indigenous knowledge on the use and management of medicinal trees and shrubs in Dale District, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia; 2015.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.17348/era.14.0.171-182

Mersha AE, Ensermu K, Gemedo D. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Guji Agro-pastoralists, Blue Hora District of Borana Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2016;4(2):170-184.

Giday M, Teklehaymanot T, Animut A, Mekonnen Y. Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-Awi and Amhara peoples in Northwest Ethiopia. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;110:516–525.

Ashagre M, Kelbessa E, Dalle G. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Guji Agro-pastoralists, Blue Hora District of Borana Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2016;4(2):170-184.

Ermias L. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants and floristic composition of the Manna Angatu Moist Montane Forest, Bale. M.Sc. Thesis. Addis Ababa Ethiopia; 2005.

Yirga G. Assessment of indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants in Central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science. 2010;4(1):006-011.

Behailu H, Tsedal M, Jemal A, Katckos G, Weshik R, Asere G, Haile T, Banjo A, Wasihun Z, Umode U. Action plan of adaptation to climatic change. Gambella National Regional States Woredas. 2011;1-62.

Tilahune H, Schmidt E. Spatial analysis of livestock production patterns in Ethiopia, Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy Research Institute – Ethiopia Strategy Support Program II, Ethiopia; 2012.

Central Statistical Agency (CSA). Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2013/2014.

Debela H, Zemede A, Ensermu K. Use and management of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants by indigenous people in Boosat, Welenchi area, Ethiop. J. Biol. Sci. 2004;3(2):113-132.

Dawit A. Traditional medicine in Ethiopia. The attempt being made to promote it for effective and better utilization. SINET. Ethiopian Journal of Sciences, Faculty of Science, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 1986;9(Supp):61-69.

Mirutse G. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay People in Ethiopia. M.SC. Thesis. Uppsala, Sweden; 1999.

Bayafers T. A floristic analysis and ethnobotanical study of the semi-wet land of Cheffa Area, South Welo, Ethiopia, M.SC. Thesis, AAU. 2000;139.

Sofowara A. Medicinal plants and traditional medicine in Africa. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.; 1982.