Astrovirus Gastroenteritis in Children Younger than 5 Years in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso): Prevalence and Risks Factors Influencing Severity

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Zakaria Gamsonré
Cyrille Bisseye
Léon W. Nitiema
Birama Diarra
Théodora M. Zohoncon
Issoufou Tao
Tegwindé Rebeca Compaoré
Florencia W. Djigma
Djénéba Ouermi
Johan Nordgren
Virginio Pietra
Jacques Simporé


Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of astrovirus infections and associated risks factors.

Methods: A prospective study was undertaken from May 2009 to March 2010, covering the rainy and dry seasons, at the Saint Camille Medical Center in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. A total of 213 non hospitalized children less than 5 years of age with diarrhea were enrolled and examined for astrovirus, others enteropathogens, and clinico-epidemiological aspects.

Results: Astroviruses prevalence among the enrolled children was 14.6%. Astrovirus infections were common during the cold dry season from December to February (38.7%), during the rainy season from June to September (54.8%), also during dry season in March (3.2%) and May (3.2%). Children younger than 11 months of age were most affected by astroviruses (16%). Moderate and severe malnutrition influenced more severe symptoms of astrovirus related diarrheas.

Conclusion: The present study shows that astroviruses have an important role in pediatric viral-associated diarrhea in Burkina Faso. Diarrhea is more severe in malnourished children.

Gastroenteritis, Astrovirus, Diarrhea, Malnutrition, Burkina Faso.

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How to Cite
Gamsonré, Z., Bisseye, C., Nitiema, L. W., Diarra, B., Zohoncon, T. M., Tao, I., Compaoré, T. R., Djigma, F. W., Ouermi, D., Nordgren, J., Pietra, V., & Simporé, J. (2019). Astrovirus Gastroenteritis in Children Younger than 5 Years in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso): Prevalence and Risks Factors Influencing Severity. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 40(1), 1-10.
Original Research Article


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