COVID-19 and Preventing Child Trafficking – A Need for Collaborative Attitudes between Public Health and Educational Professionals in Supporting Vulnerable Children

Main Article Content

Rajeev Nagpal
Meera Kumanan
Probhati Biswas
Rashika Nandwani


The present study aims to describe the need for collaborative attitudes between public health and educational professionals in supporting vulnerable children during COVID-19 pandemic. Trafficking is more common in socioeconomically underprivileged communities. COVID-19 has exposed the vulnerability of children across the world – in terms of resource availability, educational access, and safety. Child trafficking victims are recruited, harboured, or transferred for the purpose of exploitation. This alarming problem exists in all nations. Current social systems are not equipped to adequately manage our increasingly globalized world and are failing the world’s vulnerable children. Child protective service providers, medical/mental health support, as well as teachers and educational organizations are becoming more inaccessible due to poor funding and understaffing. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has recently reported increased risk for children and current victims during this pandemic. This paper suggests the critical role teachers and doctors can play in recognizing and blocking child trafficking and supporting victims. For these reasons, greater funding and resources for healthcare professionals and educators is necessary for training and implementation.

Child trafficking, COVID 19, globalization, public health.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nagpal, R., Kumanan, M., Biswas, P., & Nandwani, R. (2020). COVID-19 and Preventing Child Trafficking – A Need for Collaborative Attitudes between Public Health and Educational Professionals in Supporting Vulnerable Children. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 41(14), 48-52.
Opinion Article


Cohen RI, Bosk EA. Vulnerable youth and the COVID-19 pandemic. Pediatrics; 2020.

Usher K, Bhullar N, Durkin J, Gyamfi N, Jackson D. Family violence and COVID‐19: Increased vulnerability and reduced options for support. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing; 2020.

Lee J. Mental health effects of school closures during COVID-19. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. 2020;4(6):421.

Rafferty Y. Mental health services as a vital component of psychosocial recovery for victims of child trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 2018;88(3): 249.

Stoklosa H, Grace AM, Littenberg N. Medical education on human trafficking. AMA Journal of Ethics. 2015;17(10):914-21.

Campbell AM. An increasing risk of family violence during the Covid-19 pandemic: Strengthening community collaborations to save lives. Forensic Science International: Reports. 2020;100089.

Liem A, Wang C, Wariyanti Y, Latkin CA, Hall BJ. The neglected health of international migrant workers in the COVID-19 epidemic. The Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(4):20.

Asongu S, Usman U, Vo XV. The Novel Coronavirus (Covid-19): Theoretical and practical perspectives on children, women and sex trafficking. Women and Sex Trafficking; 2020.

Renton D. Child trafficking in Albania. Save the Children; 200.

Kumanan M, Nagpal R. Challenges of Indian Health System Supporting Migrant Healthcare during a Pandemic. IJTDH [Internet]; 2020.

Sabol TJ, Pianta RC. Recent trends in research on teacher–child relationships. Attachment & human development. 2012;14(3):213-31.

Deb S, Sunny AM, Majumdar B. Child Trafficking for Prostitution: The Exploitation of Poverty-stricken Situation. InDisadvantaged Children in India 2020 (pp. 49-83). Springer, Singapore.

Palmer E. Trafficked children and child protection systems in the European Union. European journal of social work. 2019;22(4):551-62.

Begum I. Getting Back to Society: Rehabilitation of Trafficking in Assam, India. Journal of Human Trafficking. 2020; 6(2):255-63.