A Survey of Health-Seeking Behaviour of Residents in Two Local Government Areas in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria during COVID-19 Pandemic

Main Article Content

Taofeeq Adebayo Olaigbe
Abiodun Sekinat Bode- Okunade


Introduction: COVID-19 has affected all spheres of human endeavour in a developing country like Nigeria. In a bid to stop the spread of this virus, different preventive measures were put in place by all the levels of government. Therefore, studying the health-seeking behaviour of residents in the face of the deadly COVID-19 virus becomes paramount in this study. 

Aim: This cross-sectional survey sought to investigate various health seeking behaviours exhibited by residents of Oyo state, Nigeria during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the multi-stage sampling techniques were finally used to select 327 respondents, aged 22-51 years with (Mean = 31.11, SD = 7.22) from two local government areas in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria.

Results: The result found that majority of the respondents’ experienced one form of signs and symptoms during COVID-19 pandemic. Also, many of the respondents experienced headache as major signs and symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Furthermore, fear of being diagnosed with COVID-19 was the major barrier to health seeking behaviour during COVID-19 pandemic while taking of local herbs was used by majority of respondents’ during COVID-19 pandemic.

Conclusion and Recommendation: The COVID-19 pandemic affected residents’ healthcare-seeking behaviour Ibadan, Oyo state Nigeria. It was recommended that professional sociologists and health experts should develop health promotion and intervention programme tailored toward improving heath seeking behaviour of residents during and after COVID-19 pandemic.

Health-seeking behaviour, signs and symptoms, COVID-19 pandemic, residents, Nigeria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Olaigbe, T. A., & Okunade, A. S. B.-. (2020). A Survey of Health-Seeking Behaviour of Residents in Two Local Government Areas in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria during COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 41(15), 33-45. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2020/v41i1530356
Original Research Article


Adaramaja SR, Ogunsola MT. Demographic factors as correlates of health-seeking behaviour of the people of Oyo state, Nigeria. GJDS. 2014;11(2):100–115.

World Health Organization. Preamble to the constitution of the World Health Organization as adopted by the international health conference. New York. 1946.

Signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States (Official Records of the World Health Organization, no. 2, p. 100) and entered into force on 7 April 1948

Agbeko WW. Predictors of socio-cultural health related risky – Behaviours among in-school adolescent in Nigeria and Ghana Unpublished doctoral field proposal. University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria; 2010.

Mboweni F, Sumbane O. Factors Contributing to Delayed Health Seeking Behaviours Among Adolescents. Global Journal of Health Science, 2019;11(13): 67-76.

Latunji O, Akinyemi O. Factors influencing health-seeking behaviour among civil servants in Ibadan, Nigeria. Annual Ibadan Postgraduate Medical. 2018;16(1):52-60.

Shehu RA. Relationship between demographic factors and lifestyle of the people of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Unpublished doctoral dissertation submitted to Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria; 2005.

United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF). The State of the World’s Children: Women and Children-The Double Dividend of Gender Equility,” New York, Mifflin Publishers; 2010.

Osamor PE. Health care seeking for hypertension in South West Nigeria. Medical Sociology Online. 2011;6:54-69.

Etim A, Ibanga D, Nkanga D, Agweye C, Utam U, Udofia O. EHR health seeking behaviour of patients attending eye clinic in Southern Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Clinical Practice. 2019;22(7): 988-996.

World Health Organization. Constitution of the World Health Organisation. Geneva: World Health Organization, Switzerland; 2012.

Amaghionyediwe L. Determinants of the Choice of Health Care in Nigeria. Health Care Management Science. 2008;11(3):215-217.

Katung P. Socio-economic Factors Responsible for Poor Utilization of PHC Services in Rural Community in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Medicine. 2011;10(1):28-29.

Ahmed S, Sobhan F, Islam A, Barkat K. Neonatal Morbidity and Care- seeking Behaviour in Rural Bangledesh. Journal of Tropical Paediatrics, 2011;47(2):98-105.

Atuyambe LM. Adolescent motherhood in Uganda: Dilemmas, health seeking behaviour and coping responses.2008

Ellis A, Traore S, Doumbia S, Dalglish SL, Winch P. Treatment actions and treatment failure: Case studies in the response to severe childhood febrile illness in Mali. BMC Public Health, 2015;12:946-951.

Tanimola M, Owoyemi O. Healthcare-Seeking Behaviour in Anyigba, North-Central, Nigeria. Research Journal of Medical Sciences, 2009;3(2):47-51.

Omotoso O. Health Seeking Behaviour among the Rural Dwellers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal Ethiopia. 2010;4(2):125-138.

Ajaegbu O, Ubochi I. Health Seeking Behaviour among Undergraduates in the Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE). 2016;5(3):181-188.

Owoyemi J, Ladi-Akinyemi T. Health-seeking behaviour for infants by caregivers in a semi-urban area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Nigeria Journal Health Science. 2017;17:14-21.

Uche O. Factors affecting health seeking behaviour among rural dwellers in Nigeria and its implication on rural livelihood. European Journal of Social Sciences Studies. 2017;2(2):74-86.

Adam V, Aigbokhaode Q. Socio-demographic factors associated with the healthcare-seeking behaviour of heads of households in a rural community in Southern Nigeria. Sahel Medical Journal. 2018;21(1):31-36.

Appiah K, Fenu A, Asalu A, Dzata M, Bonchel A, Abdul-Rahman I, et al. Communication Experiences of Speech and Hearing Impaired Clients in Accessing Healthcare in Hohoe Municipality of Volta Region, Ghana. European Scientific Journal. 2018;14(12):209-228.

Olarawaju F, Ajayi L, Loromoke E, Olaranwaju A, Allo T, Nwannebuife O, et al. Urban–Rural Differences in Health-Care-Seeking Pattern of Residents of Abia State, Nigeria, and the Implication in the Control of NCDs. Journal Cogent Social Sciences. 2019;5(1):1-16.

Live Science. 1s known case of Coronavirus traced back to November 2019 in China; 2020.

Raluca D, Veronica Oana C, Alexandra E. An Ethical Dilemma in SARS-Cov-2 Pandemic: Who Gets the Ventilator?. European Scientific Journal. 2020;16(21):24-30.

World Health Organization. Available:https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-themedia- briefing-on-covid-19—11-march-2020

Ourworldindata, Coronavirus Update (Live). Available:https://www.ourworldindata.org/coronavirus/ retrived on June 29, 2020.

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). COVID-19 case update. Available:https://twitter.com/NCDCgov/ retrived on June 29, 2020.

Rosenstock I. Why People Use Health Services. Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 44. July 1966.

Becker, MH. The Health Belief Model and Personnel Health Behaviour. San Francisco: Society for Public Health Education, Inc; 1974.

British Medical Association, WHOQOL Group. Development of the WHOQOL: Rationale and current status. International Journal Mental Health. 1987;23:24–56.

Weinstein ND. Testing four competing theories of health-protective behaviour. Health Psychology. 1993;12:324-332.

Becker MH, Drachman RH, Kirscht JP. A new approach to explaining sick-role behaviour in low income populations. American Journal of Public Health. 1974;64:205–216.

Gopi K, Shakeer K, Ravi P. Help Seeking Behaviour of Adolescent Girls in Government Junior College in rural Field Practice Area,” New York, Academic Press Incorporation; 2012.

Olaseni A, Olusola S, Agberotimi F, Oguntayo R. Psychological Distress Experiences of Nigerians Amid COVID-19 Pandemic. Unpublished Manuscript; 2020.

Babatunde O, Imran O, Oladosu A. Help Seeking Behaviour among Women currently leaking urine in Nigeria, Dove Press Journals. 2012;1(2):9-11.