Analysis of Deaths Occurred in Households during the Pandemic by COVID-19 in a Brazilian Amazon Region: An Epidemiological Approach

Main Article Content

Ana Lúcia da Silva Ferreira
Daniele Melo Sardinha
Phelipe da Silva Rodrigues
Adriana Pimentel Veras
Ricardo José de Paula Souza e Guimarães
Luana Nepomuceno Gondim Costa Lima
Emilyn Costa Conceição
Paulo Cerqueira dos Santos Júnior
Glauber Tadaiesky Marques
Diana da Costa Lobato
Karla Valéria Batista Lima

Abstract

In the absence of an analysis of deaths at home from an epidemiological perspective, this study aims to analyze and describe the epidemiological profile of deaths at home assessed by the Death Ceremony Service (DCS) during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in the metropolitan region of the Brazilian Amazon, Belém do Pará. A descriptive, quantitative, secondary-based study based on the databases of the Mortality Information System (SIM), referring to the deaths that occurred from March 1 to March 27 June 2020. The variables worked were related to the profile and the causes in the death certificate. The causes of home deaths in 2019 were used to compare with 2020. In the indicated period, 1,203 deaths occurred, an increase of 454% in relation to 2019. The male gender (57.30%), the age group of 60+ (80.80%) and brown race (77.70%) were the most frequent. The main cause of death Acute myocardial infarction (15.05%) followed by COVID-19 (10.29%). During the pandemic, the majority of home deaths were not directly caused by COVID-19, however, they were influenced by it due to the need for social isolation, with the impossibility of obtaining the proper diagnosis or proper treatment, due to the impossibility of on-site care or lack of immediate response.

Keywords:
COVID-19, pandemic, home deaths, epidemiology

Article Details

How to Cite
Ferreira, A. L. da S., Sardinha, D. M., Rodrigues, P. da S., Veras, A. P., Guimarães, R. J. de P. S. e, Lima, L. N. G. C., Conceição, E. C., Júnior, P. C. dos S., Marques, G. T., Lobato, D. da C., & Lima, K. V. B. (2021). Analysis of Deaths Occurred in Households during the Pandemic by COVID-19 in a Brazilian Amazon Region: An Epidemiological Approach. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 42(4), 10-21. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2021/v42i430447
Section
Original Research Article

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